Global Warming

Nikitha Srinivasan

Global warming and climate change are often confused. There is a huge dichotomy between global warming and climate change. Global warming generally refers to human-induced warming of the Earth’s atmosphere, while climate change can apply to both inorganic and organic changes. To slow down climate change, we must first slow down global warming, which is caused by humans. 

Global warming can change the temperature which can stress ecosystems, cause water shortages, create storm damage, increase fire threats, and many more. Some of the earth’s most natural icons are being threatened like the Barrier Reef, The Grand Canyon, and many more. 

Global Warming is similar to a game of Jenga. Over the years, pieces are being removed. But, when a pivotal piece of Jenga is removed, all the blocks fall. This will cause all or parts of the global climate system to collapse into a global crisis. 

Global Warming is mainly caused by putting too much carbon into the atmosphere. The increasing use of greenhouse gases, resulting from burning, coal, oil, gas, deforestation, and farming, is just a few of the many causes of global warming. Greenhouse gases are gases that collect heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. They allow sunlight to pass through the air, but they stop the heat that sunlight carries from exiting the atmosphere. When you burn something, fossil fuels emit a large amount of carbon into the environment. 

While deforestation does not increase the carbon amount directly, it causes there to be fewer trees that change carbon into oxygen. In September, NASA Earth wrote on Twitter that “The Arctic region is warming three times as fast as the rest of the planet, with effects beyond the ocean.” In past years, the global temperature of the Arctic has been documented as double the global average.

People often question what exactly is being done to halt global warming. The US is rejoining the Paris Climate Accord that the US left in 2017. The Paris Agreement is a deal inside the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change also known as UNFCCC. The UNFCC includes 197 countries that focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, responding to the effects of climate change, and offering financial support to developing countries impacted by climate change. 

The U.S. is the world’s second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases behind China. President Biden plans to spend  $2 trillion on his economic plan. The goal is to make a clean energy transition, cut carbon emissions from the electricity sector by 2030 and achieve net-zero emission by 2050. He plans on using more wind and solar energy. Biden plans on using less coal and using more natural dry gas and crude oils. He vows to quickly move on changing the climate change action. John Morton, President Obama’s energy and climate director, said,  “The hard work of putting the country on a course to becoming net-zero emissions by mid-century begins now.” With this plan in action, we can reduce global warming and slow down climate change.

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